If all goes as planned, Haiti, yes North America’s Haiti, will become the latest member of the African Union sometime in January. Haiti and Africa share a sense of history, and African countries stepped up in the wake of Haiti’s earthquake, which has led some to conclude the time is right to formalize their ties.
The African Union has 54 member states â all of them are located on the African continent. But as early as January, that could change.
Haiti might be en route to becoming the first country to join the African Union that isnât actually African. Or is it?
Mian Georges, of Benin, is among the thousands of United Nations personnel from Europe, the Americas, Asia and Africa, whoâve participated in missions in Haiti in recent decades. But Georges says for Africans, the connection to Haiti is unique.
âWe are practically connected by umbilical cord to Haiti,â he said. âOur histories are common. Our cultures too. When I came to Haiti, it was basically the same food. I feel like Iâm back home in Africa.â
And Georgesâ country, Benin, has a special link with Haiti. It was a Beninois, Toussaint Louverture, who led Haitiâs successful rebellion against the French at the end of the 18th century. That established Haiti as a symbol of black independence.
So to many Africans and Haitians, the idea of Haiti becoming a member of the African Union seems natural.
Last July, at an African Union summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Haitiâs communication minister Ady Jean-Gardy moved to make it official.
âWeâre already in the Organization of American States,â he said. âWe have a representative at the European Union, and we think we should be in the African Union.â
Jean-Gardy said an AU membership could lead to economic exchanges geared toward development, and inclusion in African trading blocs.
The AU postponed a decision on Haitiâs inclusion in the union until January 2013. But Africa appears poised to let Haiti into the fold.
Babacar MâBow, from Senegal, is a cultural consultant with a focus on Haiti. And heâs been pushing for Haiti to be let into the AU.
âOur parents were advocates for Haiti,â he said, âso we inherited this charge.â
To many Africans, there is a sense of indebtedness to Haiti because Haiti has been an advocate for Africa. When Haiti was the only black member of the United Nations, it pushed for the liberation of Africa from colonial rule.
Haiti also enjoys a level of prestige in African countries that it doesnât have closer to home.
MâBow says he grew up in Senegal surrounded by Haitian professors and artists. And the Democratic Republic of Congo has welcomed waves of Haitian professionals.
Jean-Junior Joseph served as communications chief for Haitiâs prime minister a few years ago. Then he went to Congo to work in a similar position.
âThe prime minister spoke to me on different occasions, and said, âwhat can we do for you?â They always think we belong to them. They think, âwell they shipped you over there. Now come back to us,ââ he said.
After the 2010 earthquake, the Democratic Republic of Congo, dependent on foreign aid itself, pledged to donate $2.5 million to Haiti. And Senegalâs president flew 150 Haitian students to Dakar to attend college there, for free.
Small-scale exchanges have also been happening.
Earlier this year, Port-au-Prince resident Baudeler Magloire flew to Benin on a National Geographic travel grant to share his expertise in composting toilets with organizations there. And he was struck by how connected people there seemed to feel to his country.
âWhen I said I was Haitian, they said, âYeah, Haitians are our brothers.â Most people know the history of Haiti, they learn it in school, and there are people who worked in Haiti,ââ he said.
And while many here in Haiti believe their country is essentially African, their understanding of what Africa is is more complicated. To some, it is where they go after they die. Others think it is a single country. And it gets worse in some circles, according to MâBow, who visits Haiti often.
âMost Haitians are ignorant of Africa,â he said. âIf you want to insult somebody, you will call him an African, âLook at an African!â It is a derogatory term, and it highlights that ignorance. So there is work to be done.â
MâBow says thereâs also work to be done if Haiti wants to joint the AU.
âIf Haiti is a member of the African Union,â he said, âall bets are off. Haiti is subject to analysis and criticism as any other member state of the union.â
In other words, the Haiti-Africa relationship would have to develop beyond symbolism and shared history.
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