Fertility is the ability to get pregnant in women and the ability to impregnate a woman for men.
On the contrary, infertility is the inability to get pregnant in women despite frequent intercourse while in men, it’s the inability to impregnate a woman.
How will you know you are fertile? Here are ways to know;
1. You have the right weight
This prominently affects women. Although fat and slim women get pregnant, the chances of an obese woman getting pregnant are lower. Fat disrupts the hormonal functioning in ovulation and the development of the embryo in the uterine wall. Slim women with little body fat may experience difficulties in getting pregnant since the body conserves energy for other body processes which uses energy such as respiration. This will interfere with ovulation processes.
2. You have never been affected by STI’s
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) may lead to infertility. PID usually develops when diseases such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia are left untreated. This disease damages the pelvis, fallopian tube and the ovary thus affecting fertilization process.
3. You are not a smoker
In men, smoking affects the DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) in sperms. It also affects the maintenance of an erection. Smoking also affects the rate of maturity of sperms, this affects the fertility in men.
In women, smoking damages the eggs and ovulation processes. It also increases the chances of a miscarriage.